|Risk Management||Penny Stock Investing
For anyone new to investing in penny stocks, you should first be made aware of the differences between these micro-cap stocks and the more conventional blue-chip and mid-cap investments. Unlike buying shares in a large, stable company like Ford or IBM, you are dealing with speculative investments.
Penny stocks literally trade for pennies per share, or for as much as a couple of dollars. The beauty of penny stocks, of course, is that sometimes they 'grow up' and become mid-cap stocks, multiplying in value hundreds of times over and making many people very wealthy.
With penny stocks, also called micro-caps or juniors, you will see much greater price volatility, and thus greater and quicker gains and losses in asset values. It is precisely this volatility which draws investors to the junior markets, as one good pick could make you hundreds of times what you could ever make on the larger markets.
Of course, there is more risk than buying bonds, blue chips or defensive stocks - but this added risk is tempered with the possibility of making the big gains.
Most penny stocks, but not all, are resource or technology companies who initially sold shares in an effort to raise money for exploration or product development programs. Many of the companies have large debt loads and are not necessarily making more money than they are losing.
However, it is the potential of a major, or even minor success in their quest that often incites dramatic price climbs, and this is where their value lies.
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There are several ways to profit from penny stock investments. Modern Strategies Inc. has uncovered the most highly rewarding investment situations.
Promotional Stocks - These issues may or may not have much actual value. Promoters generate interest in these types of stocks in an attempt to drive share prices higher. The promoters own great amounts of shares and so they make more money the higher the share price travels.
Eventually, they sell their holdings into the promotion and generate great personal profit. Then they move on to the next project, leaving the original stock and all its investors behind. Without the work of the promoter, the promotional issue soon comes crashing down.
These are the type of stock investor hear horror stories about, because many people often lose a good deal of money when they are naive about promotional ploys. However, getting in on a promotional stock early in its life cycle, and keeping an eye on the actions of the promoter can be very, very rewarding. It's like having a full time stock promoter doing everything in his power to get the share prices of the stocks you own to go through the roof, and investors who get in early can go along for the ride!
Technical Precursors - Often technical analysis can reveal patterns in the trading cycles of penny stocks. Sometimes these patterns illustrate excellent buying opportunities, where the underlying stock has a high probability of moving up strongly, and only a low probability of declining in value.
In addition, there are sometimes situations where several positive technical indicators combine at once to reveal that an issue is very likely to increase strongly in price over a short time frame, indicating that the particular issue is has excellent investment potential.
Fundamental Strength - Fundamentals involve such criteria as earnings, debt load, assets, and many others. It was long thought that earnings were the major driving force behind share prices, but Modern Strategies Inc. has since disproved this theory as it applies to penny stock companies. Instead, uncovering the best medium to long term investment opportunities must be done through exhaustive analysis of company financial statements. Investors should get involved with the companies that are making the most money, have the most effective management, and have improving trends in all factors of their operations. As well, industry comparisons and the examination of key financial ratios present clues as to which companies are destined for higher share prices.
Undervalued Situations - Sometimes companies see their share price slide dramatically. There are occasions where this decrease in price has very little to do with the underlying fundamentals, and more to do with factors such as overall market weakness, interest rate increases, or others.
Minimized Downside - Often the combination of technical analysis and undervalued situations can reveal penny stock companies that have tremendous upside potential, and have a very low probability of declining in value to any significant degree.
These type of investments are excellent choices for penny stock investors that are less risk adverse.
Special Notes About Penny Stock Companies
Penny stock companies change their names more commonly than other publicly traded companies, and are also subject to more stock-swaps and consolidations. In any of these events, your shares in your account will be automatically replaced with the appropriate stock by your broker and notice will be delivered to you.
On rare occasions, a penny stock company can become delisted. This means that the shares will no longer trade on the exchange, and if the company does not get listed on another exchange or re-instated at a future date, you may be subject to a loss of capital equal to 100% of the total investment. However, this is a very rare occurrence, and there are simple ways to protect yourself against it which are periodically discussed in Modern Strategies Inc. publications. Delisting generally becomes a greater concern for investors who intend to use a long-term (several years) buy and hold strategy with penny stocks.