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Capital Gain

Capital gain in financial perspective often refers to the profit that is obtained after selling a capital exchange over the purchase price of that asset. If the price of this capital asset had fallen instead of increasing, the capital gain turns out to be a capital loss. A capital gain can happen anywhere including a real asset area including the property assets as well as the financial asset area including the stocks or bonds.

For equity transactions, legal obligations rule the capital gain and taxes are imposed on the transactions by the state. The law of taxation that governs the transactions may vary from judiciary to judiciary. In U.S, every thing that you possess as an asset is capable of bringing capital gain and hence is taxable. This includes home, property, furniture etc. In case you sell this for a price above which you bought it, you will have to pay the tax. Thus these gains are also taxable.

If the capital asset is sold after a long time period after buying the asset, the percentage of taxation is highest. But for people with low earnings, the taxation on earnings will be least as compared to other taxpayers. For stock and other collectibles, the taxation limit will be the maximum. Those assets which are sold after keeping for less than one year will be charged only as an ordinary income. Those which are treated as entities by corporations will be taxed the maximum without any preferences.

There are mainly two types of capital gain. This includes realized and unrealized capital gain. The realized capital gain usually refers to a situation where the actual sale of the asset will bring more money than the purchase price of the entity. It will be referred to as unrealized if the price value of the asset is more than the purchase price, but the asset has not been sold yet.

In United States the unrealized capital gain need not pay tax. This means that taxation is not applicable until the asset is sold actually. But on the other side, realized assets should pay tax.

If a payer has incurred capital losses in the same year when he had capital gain, he can claim the loss to reduce the effect of taxation on the capital gain. All capital gains are not taxed in the same rate. The rate of tax pay may vary based on the income of the payer. It usually depends on the nature of the asset. It is also influenced by the duration for which the asset is kept. The effort of the tax payer in getting the asset sold will also interfere with the tax pay in time of capital gain.

Capital Gains Distribution

Capital gains distribution is a distribution of the actual gains on capital investment. The net gains will be remitted to the shareholders of the company if they are eligible for a return on the investment they have made in the company. The process of accomplishing the capital gains distribution might vary from situation to situation though the factors might remain same in some cases.

The most basic case includes the capital gain that has been accomplished within a particular period. The period is often calculated as calendar period. The total amount gained as capital gains in this period comes under this capital gain distribution. Another factor that influences the distribution of the amount is how much of the total amount is distributed among the shareholders and what is the share of each share holder. For this the cumulative gain is taken into consideration.

The capital gain usually refers to the increase that has happened in case of the asset after the last distribution of the shares. Each asset that has increased in value is considered when the gain is calculated and the amount of increment is also calculated. The total gain is calculated as the sum total of the amount of increase for each of the asset. This is also called as the gross capital gain.

The amount of the increment in capital gain is not the actual amount that is considered for distribution. For distribution, the losses that will be incurred by any of the assets during this time are reduced as allowances when distribution is made. The total losses are calculated in terms of cumulative calculation and the total is subtracted from the total gross gain. This will be the amount that will be distributed to the share holders based on the ratio of their share.

When the shares are distributed, the amount divided will be based on various factors. The share holding agreement made by the share holder will be considered when the share is divided. The number of shar4es hold by the share holder is another factor that is considered while evaluating his share. The payment plans which might be deferring during the payment period between the entity and the share holder are another factor.

The capital gains distribution can be on a quarterly basis. It can be on annual or semi annual basis depending on the type of the investment. The document which speaks about the factors that were considered while making the distribution is given along with the share that is divided to the share holders.


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