ShareTipsInfo >>Article Home >> The Sub-Prime Effect and Emerging Markets


What is Sub-prime?
Some borrowers may have issues like poor credit history or hard to prove income, which makes
Them ineligible to borrow money at prevailing market rates or prime rates. Sub Prime Lending is the
Practice of financing such borrowers at a higher than prime rate. Such loans are considered risky
Because of high interest rates, bad credit history and lack of resources to pay off the loans. Sub prime
Mortgage lending refers to such loans extended in the housing market.
Sub-prime mortgage issues began to crop up when the housing prices in the US began to soften
And the borrowers started to default on loan repayments. Loan defaults led to rising rate of sub prime
Mortgage foreclosures, which further led to a few sub prime mortgage lenders to file
Bankruptcy. As a result, participants in the market with exposure to sub-prime mortgage backed
Securities began to witness mark-to-market losses. They also faced liquidity crunch, as no buyers
Were willing to buy such paper.

The Contagion Effect
Market participants who had exposure to sub-prime mortgage securities as well as risky assets,
covered up for sub prime mortgage losses by reprising the risky assets. Due to this, other leveraged
equity market participants found it difficult to service their cost of leverage. This led them to deleverage
their exposure in the form of further re-pricing of risky assets in US. Due to integration of
global financial markets, risky assets in other emerging markets also got re-priced as a spill over
effect. Several central bankers pumped funds into the economy to ease the liquidity tightening
caused by sub-prime mortgage issue.

Impact on emerging markets
The impact of the sub-prime effect on emerging markets is hard to gauge. There are two parts to it.
One is the impact on the real economies and another is the impact on the stock markets. Due to
Macro policies, structural policies and domestic consumption, the fundamentals of emerging
Economies including India continue to remain strong. This might act as a cushion against any major
Financial setback in the US. However it’s early to gauge whether the sub-prime issue has the
Potential to disrupt the US imports and to that extent affect economic growth of emerging markets.
As far as the stock markets are concerned, they may take some hit because of de-leveraging done
By market participants. Time and again these kinds of events affect market sentiment leading to
Bouts of corrections. We believe that such corrective dips present an opportunity for investors to Invest in emerging markets at relatively attractive valuations.



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